PUBLICATION

Venezuela: Understanding political, external, and criminal actors in an authoritarian State

January, 2022

Published by: Centro de Estudios Estratégicos del Ejército del Perú / Strategic Studies Institute - U.S. Army War College

Publications · Strategic Analysis Notebooks Series

Venezuela: Understanding political, external, and criminal actors in an authoritarian State

By Evan Ellis. This publication is possible thanks to a collaboration between the Strategic Studies Institute - U.S. Army War College (SSI) and the Peruvian Army Center for Strategic Studies (CEEEP).

The predictable triumph by Maduro loyalists in Venezuela’s rigged November 2021 elections was a symbolic nail in the coffin for the attempt by the de jure government of Juan Guaido to restore the more liberal type of democracy previously prevailing in the country. Venezuela now seems to ever more resemble Cuba, with an authoritarian government in control for the long haul. Yet while Venezuela is unlikely to return to democratic governance anytime soon, parallels to Cuba conceal the complex dynamic between regime figures, external state actors, and criminal and terrorist groups that is shaping the country’s future. This paper examines the dynamics of the Maduro regime which is arguably different than that commonly reported.

This article has been initially published by Small Wars Journal.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CCBY-NC-SA 3.0)

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