Analysis

Strategic analysis carried out by national and international experts in security and defense.

National Security, International Relations, and Social Welfare in the Digital Age

By: Maryorie Michelle Villón Arana (16/05/2024). The focus of this article is on the digital revolution and its influence on national security, international relations, and social welfare in the Peruvian territory. It analyses the challenges and possibilities that digitalization poses in areas such as cybersecurity, disinformation, data safeguarding, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and collaboration at the international level. In addition, it highlights the favorable impact on economic development, the optimization of public services and the active participation of citizens.

Mapping Strategies: Challenges and Reflections on Drug Trafficking and Terrorism in the VRAEM 2023

By: Óscar Luis Calle Pérez (18/04/2024). Addressing the deep-rooted problem of drug trafficking in the Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro River Valleys (VRAEM), this article examines the complex interaction between criminal organizations and the self-styled Terrorist Organization Militarized Communist Party of Peru Marxist Leninist Maoist, mainly Xiist (MPCP – MLM – PX). Its objective is to analyze the strategies implemented by the Special Command of the Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro River Valleys (CEVRAEM) to dismantle the terrorist central committee and sever links with drug trafficking.

Destruction of Water Security and Mining in Southern Peru: An Attack on Future Generations?

By: Dani Vargas, Elizabeth Avendaño, Elvis Álvarez y César Aquino (11/04/2024). Droughts in the Andes have increased in frequency in recent years, causing the loss of rivers, lakes and lagoons due to high daytime temperatures, especially in non-rainy seasons. Lake Titicaca, considered the highest navigable lake in the world, has retreated hundreds of meters, reaching alarming levels and losing more than 75 cm of its level. This decrease in Andean glaciers affects the water security of the population on the Pacific coast, the Andes and the Amazon.

Preparation of Peru’s National Multisectoral Policy on National Security and Defense to 2030 in the face of Digital Transformation Threats and Hybrid Wars

By: Camilo Amado Asenjo (04/04/2024). In recent times, the digital revolution has brought about fundamental alterations in the way societies operate. As a result of this shift, an increase in the hybridization of warfare emerged, motivating nations such as the United States (US) and China to develop strategies to address this transformation. In this context, this research aims to evaluate Peru’s most recent defense and national security policy, enacted through Supreme Decree No. 005-2021-DE, to determine whether it includes measures against hybrid threats.

Future Tasks and Challenges for the National Army, a Holistic Look at Security and Defense

By: Carlos Alfredo Castro Pinzón and Luz Martha Melo Rodrigues (14/03/2024). The article focuses on analyzing the new challenges for the Colombian National Army (CNA), which requires a full understanding of its functional organization, based on the Chiefs of Staff, Plans and Policies, Force Generator and Operations. These are based on the structural basis of the human being, technology, research and capabilities from the functions of conducting warfare, which refer to the tasks and systems united to develop the purpose of the commanders in terms of fulfilling the missions and objectives set by the Force.

Water, a Vital Resource: From a National Security Perspective

By: Manolo Eduardo Villagra (07/03/2024). The objective of this article is to conduct an analysis that addresses the impending water crisis and its global scope, which presents a focus on its implications for national security and the participation of the Armed Forces; in consideration of water scarcity, pollution and geopolitical tensions associated with access to this vital resource, for which a methodology of review of literature is used, accompanied by a deep reflection on the proposed topic; Therefore, the conclusion is that the Peruvian Army has a strategic role in the protection of this vital resource for the surveillance and control of critical areas, inter-institutional, multi-sectoral cooperation and multi-sectoral support are essential to ensure the water sustainability of the country.

Organizational Culture: Essential Element in the Peruvian Army Transformation Process

By: Roberto Carlos Alonso Tapia (29/02/2024). Nowadays, organizations face a globalized world in constant evolution. It is important to understand that they are immersed in a continuous cycle of transformation, therefore, it is imperative to adapt to this dynamic. Organizational culture plays a crucial role in the quest for institutional transformation. The purpose of this article is to analyze the importance of organizational culture within a conceptual framework, as well as to show its levels and types, based on studies. This is carried out in order to examine the relevance in relation to strategic objective No. 8 of the Institutional Transformation Plan 2020-2034: “Changing the institutional culture”.

Command and Control in the Peruvian Army: Methods, Analysis and the Innovative Method Awqa Humalliq

By: Percy Favio Gonzales Cáceres (15/02/2024). The concept of command and control in the Armed Forces (Armed Forces) is widely used, although not necessarily known by all. It implies the exercise of authority and direction by a military leader over his subordinates. In addition, within this sphere, there are different command and control methods, such as Mission Type Command and Detailed Control. These have their roots in the Prussian concepts known as Auftragstaktik and Befehlstaktik, respectively. In this sense, Mission Type Command is characterized by granting autonomy to subordinates to make decisions in the field, based on general objectives and the commander’s intent.

Comparative Models of Counterinsurgency: British and French Traditions and their Applicability in Contemporary Conflicts

By: Luis Alexander Montero Moncada (08/01/2024). The purpose of this article is to carry out a comparative analysis between the British and French counterinsurgency models. The purpose is to identify the differences and relevant aspects between both models, in order to address the requirements of counterinsurgency in contemporary conflicts, which are full of multiple elements of gray zone, extremely irregular actors and means. To achieve this, first an overview of counterinsurgency will be presented, then the British model will be examined in detail, followed by a review of the French model. Finally, comments will be made to highlight some of the most significant aspects of the application of these models in the context of contemporary counterinsurgency warfare, which is characterized by extremely ambiguous and nebulous scenarios.