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Social Media, Geopolitics and Power

Por: Gonzalo Javier Rubio Piñeiro (04/08/2022).

Cyberspace is presented as a virtual area practically free of restrictions, gaining relevance for both leisure and work, not to mention the increase in cybercrime. Unfortunately, areas such as poverty, malnutrition and insecurity are not relevant to geopolitical analyses of the countries that fight for hegemony, but power and influence are. Geopolitical relationship and social networks are framed in the need to exert influence and project the power of state actors of international weight, such as the United States, the People’s Republic of China and Russia. This situation makes it clear that States continue to be significant actors in world politics, mainly those that have developed important capacities and tools for the protection of their interests, among which is the Information War.

Ukraine Conflict: Hybrid Warfare and Conventional Military Intervention

By: Josías Valle (07/07/2022).

The war between Russia and Ukraine represents one of the most significant challenges to the Kremlin in its recent history. Undoubtedly, one of the main objectives of Moscow’s power game is to occupy geographical spaces on its western border to repel any action that contravenes its geopolitical interests. The use of military and non-military means by Russia -whose actions are defined as a “hybrid war”- become the main strategy to confront any advance by the West on its immediate borders.

China’s Digital Advance in Latin America

By: Evan Ellis (30/06/2022).

This work examines activities by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and its companies in digital technologies and associated economic sectors in Latin America, including telecommunications, surveillance, eCommerce, fintech, data centers, and smart cities. It finds that, despite obstacles arising from both resistance in the region and internal PRC politics, Chinese companies have made significant advances in these sectors, creating opportunities for them to leverage these positions to advance in other areas, while also giving them significant opportunities to collect intelligence on both government and commercial targets, putting at risk the ability of its governments to make sovereign decisions about the PRC and its companies, and to protect the intellectual property of the companies operating within its territory.

Putumayo: Back door of drug trafficking in the Peruvian Northeast

By: Daniel Herrera Guerra (14/06/2022).

In Peru, the different governments of the day have applied centralist development policies that have left large areas of territory neglected, without an effective presence of the State. The Putumayo area, which delimits the border with Colombia through the river of the same name, is one of these places where drug trafficking and other related crimes are proliferating, and where criminal organizations not only affect national security and sovereignty, they also harm the development of the region.

Is Volodymyr Zelensky the necessary hero or not?

By: Andrés González Martín (26/05/2022).

History teaches us that it is not infrequently war that constitutes a nation, and that it can take on the function of a founding myth or origin myth for a people, becoming the first chapter of a story of its own that gives identity to those who until then had no identity at all. Original myths need heroic archetypes with names and surnames to give a human face to the national enterprise that is born. In Ukraine, President Volodymyr Zelensky is one such necessary hero.

Forces in Sport Program: Social Development on the Borders of Brazil

By: Alexsander Aquiles da Conceição (12/05/2022).

Throughout its history, the Brazilian Armed Forces have materialized the presence of the State on its borders, guaranteeing not only national security and defense, but also social development in the communities where they are present. In this sense, this article shows the opportunities offered by the Forces in Sports Program (PROFESP) for social development on the borders of Brazil, as it is a social program carried out in the barracks of the Armed Forces that benefits young people in a situation of social vulnerability.

Ukraine and WWI

By: Michael S. Neiberg (21/04/2022).

It is a surreal and unnerving feeling to be an historian of Europe’s wars and watch a war in Europe unfold before your very eyes. As a profession, historians tend to share two traits at moments like these. First, we get frustrated with the facile or simply inaccurate historical analogies that pundits use to make a political point rather than to illuminate the current problem. Second, we try above all not to make predictions. As the great British historian Sir Michael Howard wrote, “Historians have seen too many confident people fall flat on their faces to lay themselves open to more humiliation than they can help.”

The Transitional World Order: Implications for Latin America and the Caribbean

By: Evan Ellis (06/04/2022).

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine —indirectly underwritten by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and with the Western response hampered by the threat of nuclear war— highlights a world transitioning away from the institutional, economic, and ideological order that has prevailed since the end of World War II. The transition will have significant and grave implications, and its dynamics are likely to be uneven, with the U.S. and democratic, market-oriented states likely to be some of the most adversely affected.

Climate Change and National Security

By: Edson Riveros Alemán (23/03/2022).

The negative effects produced by the increase in temperature on the planet have been observed with greater frequency and impact in Peru. The glacial retreat that is causing the decrease in water for human consumption -especially in the cities of the coast- and the increase in the periodicity of the El Niño phenomenon that impacts with excessive rains on the north coast of the country and great droughts in the area of ​​the southern highlands are clear examples of what has been happening. From a human security perspective, these events are affecting the life and health of people and communities.

Scope and impact of the Russian invasion of Ukraine

By: Mariano López de Miguel (16/03/2022).

The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 surprised all Western foreign ministries. Although it is true that the war escalation had not ceased since December 2021, the European Union focused on the use of hydrocarbon supplies (mainly gas) as Moscow’s negotiating weapon with Kyiv. However, U.S. President Joseph Biden warned of increased warmongering rhetoric from the Kremlin and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin.